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Renaissance music is a style of European classical music composed during the period of the Renaissance, approximately 1400–1600. It is one of the earliest styles of Western music and is characterized by complex polyphony, the interweaving of several independent melodic lines. The music was mostly vocal and sacred, and often based on monophonic plainsong or chant. Instruments were limited to strings, brass, percussion, and woodwinds. The style also featured elaborate counterpoint and intricate rhythmical patterns, and was often marked by a strong sense of dramatic expression.

Renaissance music is thought to have originated in Italy and then spread throughout Europe. During this time, composers explored new techniques, forms, and styles of writing. They were influenced by the musical traditions of their own countries, as well as by those of other nations. Composers of the Renaissance period wrote in many different styles, including sacred motets and masses, instrumental pieces, and secular vocal music.

The Renaissance era was also a period of great advances in music theory and notation, and composers were able to use more complex techniques and forms. This resulted in the development of new genres such as the madrigal, and the development of the orchestra. The development of printing in the 16th century allowed music to be published and distributed more widely, and led to an increased level of musical literacy and appreciation.